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Expedition cruise lines, which usually operate small ships, visit certain more specialized destinations such as the Arctic and Antarctica, or the Galápagos Islands. Luxury cruise lines such as Regent Seven Seas Cruises and Crystal Cruises market their fares as “all-inclusive”. For example, the base fare on Regent Seven Seas ships includes most alcoholic beverages on board ship and most shore excursions in ports of call, as well as all gratuities that would normally be paid to hotel staff on the ship. The fare may also include a one-night hotel stay before boarding, and the air fare to and from the cruise’s origin and destination ports. As with any vessel, adequate provisioning is crucial, especially on a cruise ship serving several thousand meals at each seating.

The earlier, round-faced version of Renée Zellweger, left, was later replaced by a more “Hollywood-looking” model. It’s well known that the A-list movie star took method acting to a whole new level when she piled on 30 pounds for her role as neurotic London singleton Bridget Jones. But, in 2014, the once relatable, apple-cheeked blond almost broke the internet by revealing what appeared to be a completely re-jiggered face.

The ships are large capital investments with high operating costs. A persistent decrease in bookings can put a company in financial jeopardy. Cruise lines have sold, renovated, or renamed their ships to keep up with travel trends. If the maintenance is unscheduled, it can result, potentially, in thousands of dissatisfied customers. Queen Mary 2 was for a time the largest passenger ship before being surpassed by Royal Caribbean International’s Freedom-class vessels in 2006. The Freedom-class ships were in turn overtaken by RCI’s own Oasis-class vessels which entered service in 2009 and 2010.

Outbreak investigations by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have shown that transmission among cruise ship passengers is primarily person-to-person; potable water supplies have not been implicated. Some cruise lines have specialties; for example, Saga Cruises only allows passengers over 50 years old aboard their ships, and Star Clippers and formerly Windjammer Barefoot Cruises and Windstar Cruises only operate tall ships. Regent Seven Seas Cruises operates medium-sized vessels—smaller than the “megaships” of Carnival and Royal Caribbean—designed such that virtually all of their suites are balconies. Several specialty lines offer “expedition cruising” or only operate small ships, visiting certain destinations such as the Arctic and Antarctica, or the Galápagos Islands. With the advent of large passenger jet aircraft in the 1960s, intercontinental travelers switched from ships to planes, sending the ocean liner trade into a terminal decline.

Federal Emergency Management Agency contracted three Carnival Cruise Lines vessels to house Hurricane Katrina evacuees. In 2017, cruise ships were used to help transport residents from some Caribbean islands destroyed by Hurricane Irma, as well as Puerto Rico residents displaced by Hurricane Maria. There have been nine or more new cruise ships added every year since 2001, including the 11 american fighting styles members of the aforementioned Vista class, and all at 100,000GT or greater. The only comparable ocean liner to be completed in recent years has been Cunard Line’s Queen Mary 2 in 2004. Following the retirement of her running mate Queen Elizabeth 2 in November 2008, Queen Mary 2 is the only liner operating on transatlantic routes, though she also sees significant service on cruise routes.

Virtual happy hours are great St. Patricks Day ideas for adults because they combine the social elements of grabbing a drink, without having to cram into a packed bar or hail a ride home afterwards. Instead, gather together on video call and sip your green beer or Irish coffee together. Online Office Games is a virtual team building competition in the style of Office Olympics. Events last for 90 minutes, with the option to extend for another 30. Remote coworkers gather on Zoom, form teams, and face off in virtual challenges.

Cruise ships generate a number of waste streams that can result in discharges to the marine environment, including sewage, graywater, hazardous wastes, oily bilge water, ballast water, and solid waste. These wastes, if not properly treated and disposed of, can be a significant source of pathogens, nutrients, and toxic substances with the potential to threaten human health and damage aquatic life. Flags of ships be disregarded for nations unable to investigate incidents thoroughly and competently. All crew members are required to bring their certificates for the Standard of training, certification and watchkeeping or completing the training while being on board. Crew members need to consider completing this certification prior to embarking since it is time-consuming and needs to be accomplished at the same time they perform their daily work activities while being on board. There is often a central galley responsible for serving all major restaurants aboard the ship, though specialty restaurants may have their own separate galleys.

During the 1992 Summer Olympics, eleven cruise ships docked at the Port of Barcelona for an average of 18 days, served as floating hotels to help accommodate the large influx of visitors to the Games. They were available to sponsors and hosted 11,000 guests a day, making it the second largest concentration of Olympic accommodation behind the Olympic Village. This hosting solution has been used since then in Games held in coastal cities, such as at Sydney 2000, Athens 2004, London 2012, Sochi 2014, Rio 2016 and was going to be used at Tokyo 2020.

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